The book is the best and most effective element in the education of children and adolescents and can be used to improve the status of society and increase public culture.
According to koodakpress، In today’s world, electronic and visual means for bringing cultural concepts to the heart and soul of the child are abundant. But among all these factors, the book has a special status and has retained its superiority over these advanced devices. The task of parents and educators is to familiarize children and adolescents with appropriate books and encourage them to study them.
Yella Lepman, founder of the International Library of Munich and the International Book Office for Young Generation, in 1967. Suggested that one day, the International Book of Children’s Day, be set up, thereby increasing the activities of the International Book Office for children and teenagers around the world. The proposal was accepted and April 2 (April 13th), which coincided with the birthday of Hans Christian Andersen, a Danish author (1875-1805), was selected as World Book Day.
The International Book Office for Young Generation (IBBY) was founded in 1953 in Switzerland. One of the continuing activities of this office is the establishment of the World Book Day, and some countries will mark this occasion as the book’s week book.
Each year, one member country is selected to be responsible for organizing the ceremony, and this country will provide posters and messages of the World Day and send it to other member states. The Islamic Republic of Iran has been in charge of the ceremony in 1992 (1992).
Some suggestions for extending the children’s reading culture
Unfortunately, in our country, we do not take much of these opportunities and excuse to promote the culture of reading among children and young people. The children’s encyclopedia with the book is a guarantee of the strength of education and education of the next generation of a community. In this regard, it is very important to pay attention to the lifespan of education in children and the immortality of everything that affects a child in the human mind, and we will continue to discuss some of them.
1. Promoting the book’s culture and reading the child as a necessity for the child: Story and display are the best means of transferring culture and even experience, which will bring useful results if it is done according to the needs of the child and his will. Familiarizing children with the religious culture and genuine Iranian tales and rewriting these stories in a national media display is a very important step in getting closer to the world of the child. Children, although they are children, have a large and complex world. They see everything well and are ready to learn and find answers to their many questions. So if they do not find their answers and their needs among the books, they will never be interested in reading.
2- Solving the Cultural Problem of Reading: The problem of books and reading is more than a “cultural” issue, rather than an “economic” issue, and to solve it, everyone must keep pace with the enthusiasm and need for reading in different strata, Especially children. In our society, the craving to study and the fact that the child is looking for a book is low. Meanwhile, the views of the experts in the literature of the child, suggest the effects of “customization” that affects the quality and attraction of the audience. Also, other factors, such as the rush of writing, the authorship of the author, the cheap completion, the unfamiliarity of the illustrator with the child’s mental environment, and so on, are effective in reducing the quality of children’s books.
3. Development of Realism in Child Literature: A child from the age of ten will no longer be convinced by unrealistic legends and stories. As a result, he gradually begins to tell stories that can understand human relationships. At this stage, the responsibility of the real story is felt in the way of building the child’s personality. Realism in stories that embraces various aspects of life, makes the child, the environment and people of the past and present more recognizable and self-knowledge. Through the real story, the child finds that not only other children with similar emotions exist, but also great adults who understand the issues of his age and, therefore, can relieve him of problems with the elderly Discuss and treat them.
4. Addressing Religious and Educational Literature: Most religious stories refer to the Prophets, the infallible Imams and the Divine Ours and provide moral points of reference for children. Children’s religious literature is the literature that passes on the religious heritage to the next generation. One of the main duties of religious literature is the teaching of religious concepts and information, such as books that, in the form of a story, try to teach religious teachings. Among other tasks in this field are the expression of moral intentions and the persuasion of good moral behavior, which in the broader term call them “education.”
5. Satisfying the childish imagination in the children’s literature: Imagination plays a very important and important role in literature, and this directly relates to the existential nature of mankind. The child has its own limitations in measuring and detecting the world, and gradually it must travel more distantly to the world. He must see and recognize the different geographic regions, and afterwards, he will feel in the next step something that does not exist in this material world. One of the most important tasks of illustrators and writers is to open valves and windows to guide their audience into the world of imagination and wonder and guide them in this path of mystery.