According to koodakpress، Perhaps the greatest contribution to improving the dental health of children around the world is the discovery and use of fluoride as a deterrent to decay. The effect of fluoride on the prevention of dental caries has long been proven. In the use of fluoride that is only applied to the teeth, the […]
According to koodakpress، Perhaps the greatest contribution to improving the dental health of children around the world is the discovery and use of fluoride as a deterrent to decay. The effect of fluoride on the prevention of dental caries has long been proven.
In the use of fluoride that is only applied to the teeth, the mechanism of action is different. In this case, fluoride prevents the loss of minerals on the surface of the tooth.
What is fluoride?
Fluoride is a mineral that is found in nature and in the structure of many foods such as tea, water, seafood, and vegetables.
It also accumulates in the structure of some human body tissues, such as bones and teeth.
How does fluoride get absorbed?
If fluoride is ingested orally from various sources, the stomach route enters the bloodstream and then bursts into the bones and teeth or is excreted through the kidneys. This process is called fluoride systemic absorption.
In the use of fluoride that is only applied to the teeth, the mechanism of action is different.
In this case, fluoride prevents the loss of minerals on the surface of the tooth and if there is a beginning of decay in places of enamel, fluoride prevents decay by re-mineralizing them.
Fluoride also affects oral microorganisms and reduces acid production by these microorganisms.
Fluoride also enters the enamel of newly developed teeth and increases the mineralization (hence the maturity of the enamel) and reduces the vulnerability to decay.
Fluoride is effective not only in the prevention of a new lesion, but also in stopping or at least slowing the progression of primary caries lesions on the tooth surface.
Is fluoride therapy necessary for all children?
Yes. Fluoride topical application in dentistry is recommended for all children and adolescents. Even if a child does not have tooth decay, local fluoride is recommended as a means to increase the amount of fluoride in newly developed enamel and increase the resistance of these teeth to decay.
Is fluoride therapy used only for children?
No, it works for adults too.
How does fluoride therapy work?
This is done in dentistry with different types of fluoride that can be gel, foam or materials called varnish.
These materials are rubbed onto the teeth by the dentist. Usually the gels and the floor are placed with special appliances inside the mouth and should remain inside the mouth for 4 minutes, but the varnishes are rubbed with tools such as a brush only on the teeth.
Doing this does not require dental anesthesia, it is not painful for the child, and most fluorides with different flavors that are not harmful to the baby are made.
The choice of the type of fluoride therapy is based on the discretion of the dentist.
What is dental fluorosis?
If, at the time of formation of the teeth, the person is in an environment in which the drinking water has a fluoride content higher than the limit, the tooth receives high fluoride through the bloodstream and this amount changes the composition of the enamel crystals and the tooth It has a gypsum-shaped appearance or brown spots.
This posture is usually seen in all teeth that are exposed to fluoride-containing drinking water at the time of formation, and there may be a number of teeth or all the teeth of this person.
Fluorosis will not occur with topical fluoride therapy in a dental office.
Can Fluoride Therapy Be Complicated to the Child?
No Fluoride therapy in any dental office has no complications.
What is the fluoride therapy in the child?
Usually, according to the condition of the teeth, the dentist determines the intervals of fluoride therapy. The intervals between four and six months are appropriate for most children.
Can fluoride therapy cause poisoning?
No Fluorototropic in the dental clinic uses fluoride to a certain extent and in accordance with certain principles, so fluoride is swallowed to a minimum and there is no possibility of poisoning.
Fluoride intoxication is caused by systemic use, which is very rare when swallowed.
Fluoride values used in any fluoride therapy in dentistry are very small and do not cause acute poisoning at all.
Fluoride containing fluids
These mouthwashes are recommended only for children over six years of age. Often, these mouthwashes contain sodium fluoride.
In case of proper supervision by the parents when using the mouthwash by the child and training for the removal of complete mouthwash, it can be effective in preventing decay.
Fluoride in toothpaste
Toothpastes contain fluoride, but this fluoride alone is not enough to prevent the caries from rotting the baby’s teeth, and it is best done by the dentist according to the child’s fluorotherapy condition.