Down syndrome

Down syndrome is a common genetic condition that causes intellectual disability and other physical and learning challenges. By working together with early intervention services, you can learn how to play and communicate with children with Down syndrome in ways that help them reach their full potential.

According to koodakpress، Down syndrome is a genetic condition. It’s also called Trisomy 21.


Down syndrome happens when a child’s cells end up with 47 chromosomes in them instead of the usual 46. It affects about 1 in every 700-900 babies and causes a range of physical and developmental problems as well as intellectual disability.


Although we know how Down syndrome happens, we don’t know why. We do know it’s nobody’s fault. Often, the change to a baby’s cells happens at the moment when the baby is conceived. Down syndrome can affect all ethnic and cultural groups and children born to parents of all ages.


Most children born with Down syndrome will grow up to lead happy, healthy and productive lives. Some children will need only a little bit of help, and others will need more support.


Screening and diagnosing Down syndrome

Down syndrome can be diagnosed at birth because there are key physical features that your doctor can see. The doctor will confirm these observations by giving your baby a blood test.


You can also have tests during pregnancy to help you find out whether your baby has Down syndrome.


Screening tests give you information about how likely it is that your baby has Down syndrome, but these tests don’t give you a definite answer. Examples of screening tests include:

  • non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT): you give a small amount of blood, which is tested for parts of your baby’s DNA
  • first trimester combined screening test: this combines a blood test from you with a measurement from your 12-week ultrasound scan.


Depending on the results of screening tests, you might want to have diagnostic testing. Diagnostic testing can tell you definitely whether your baby has Down syndrome.


Diagnostic tests include chorionic villus sampling (CVS) or amniocentesis Both of these tests are very accurate, but they also have some risks. And even if the tests say your child definitely has Down syndrome, they can’t tell you how the condition will affect your child in life. You can talk to your doctor or midwife to find out more.


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